2017 ETHIOPIA, WASSERA’ – WATER LINE
Ever since the first project we completed in Indonesia in 2008, we have seen the importance of education and health as a basis for the social and economic development of all the poorest countries in the world. This year, our commitment focuses on these elements as well.
The 2018 project concerns the installation and completion of the Wassarà water line, from the well to the reserve tank, distribution points and the mission.
Wassarà is a village in the municipality of Utuge in the district of Doyogena, located at 265 km from the capital, Addis Ababa, in the great Ethiopian Highlands that stretch southwards at an altitude of 2300 metres above sea level. This is one of the most populated areas in Ethiopia. Each family numbers 6-7 members, and household income is one of the lowest in the country. Most houses are huts built with wood and mud and covered with straw or sheet metal. Each family has not much land, and survival is linked to farming and the changing seasons. In Wassarà, health services have been increasingly developing thanks to the expansion of the Health Center and the construction of the hospital ward, financed by us in 2010. The most frequent diseases include: diseases of the respiratory tract, gastroenteritis, intestinal parasitosis, typhoid and paratyphoid, tuberculosis, malaria, trachoma, dermatitis. One of the main causes of these diseases is the lack of clean drinking water.
Next to the mission in Wassarà, there is currently a small source of surface water, a reservoir that collects infiltration water during the rainy season. During the dry season its levels decrease, so it needs to be rationed as it is not enough for the needs of the population and various activities. Around the mission there are no other springs, and the ones further away are low in water. Wassarà sits at the top of a hill, and, according to research done to be sure of finding water, it is necessary to reach a depth between 240 and 300 metres. Additionally, there are no deep springs in the mission’s land. A deep aquifer is located at just 1700 metres from the mission, so, in addition to drilling the well, we need to build a collection tank at the highest point of the area, as well as the water supply line that, using gravity, will bring water to the distribution point for the people and to the mission. The well is 1,744 metres away from the mission, 384 metres away from the tank well, 1,360 metres away from the tank to the mission.
The water supply network we will build will also serve the kindergarten that, each day, hosts 384 children, and the primary school with 600 students.
The Health Center is a facility that includes outpatient services, the prevention programme for the villages, laboratory services and other diagnostic practices. Special attention is given to childcare programmes for children from birth to 5 years of age, and to women during pregnancy and nursing. There is a small operating room, the option of hospitalisation with 16 beds for adults, and a paediatrics ward with 14 beds. A small dental clinic has been set up, and an eye care service with screening is being developed. The maternity ward is operating well, the new regulations from the health minister require all women to give birth at the health facilities, to decrease mortality rates for women and the unborn during childbirth. There are approximately 1000 women a year that have regular prenatal exams and there are between 350 and 400 childbirths a year. Healthcare services for the mothers is all free, to help women so they won’t have to give birth at home, with serious risks due to the lack of hygiene. The water supply line will bring water to the health facility, to which we contributed by donating to the construction of the Medical Ward. The hospital ward is operating very well, and each day there is a high number of patients getting treatment